Asinus asinum fricat (One donkey scratches another donkey), demikian adagium klasik latin menggambarkan bagaimana suatu pandangan, pendapat, dan aksi beroperasi. Interaksi dengan entitas lain, bagaimanapun, mengandaikan kesamaan atribut dengan diri sendiri.
Pada subjek pradewasa, dalam ranah kajian neurosains, perkembangan otak belum mencapai titik yang mapan. Bagian otak yang menangani urusan pertimbangan pengambilan keputusan (executive functioning atau self-control) berada di otak bagian depan yang dinamai prefrontral cortex (PFC).
Stigma towards disabled people has been highlighted as one predicting factors for over-diagnosis and more negative prognoses.The presented study aimed to explore patterns of association between explicit stigma (via self-reported scales) and implisit stigma (computer-based response-latency task) towards individuals with physical vs. mental disabilities. Results indicated that (1) participants did not report any explicit stigma towards physically disabled and mentally ill persons; however (2) implicit stigma was revealed towards both targets, with (3) higher levels of implicit stigma directed to those who are mentally ill. These ambivalent attitudes should be taken into consideration in the development of health promotion campaign and educational programs.
This paper was presented in the National Seminar Contribution of Academics in Sustainable Development Goals, Universitas Brawijaya Malang, Indonesia (12 Feb 2016). Full paper can be downloaded here.